Tuesday, 11 December 2012

E-book now online - Caribbean Britain – The Biographical and Cultural Directory (1960 – 2000)

The contents of this blog are being migrated to the website www.historicalgeographies.com 

Caribbean Britain – The Biographical and Cultural Directory (1960 – 2000).

The website will consist of some of the content previously available on this blog and much more detailed background into Caribbean and British histories along with all the source references used in my research.

Also included are a series of biographies from Caribbean and British people with Caribbean cultural heritage.

I hope you enjoy it.

Monday, 10 January 2011

Caribbean Geography

The Caribbean region consists chiefly of an archipelago located between North and South America and is sometimes referred to as the Antilles. The Antilles are frequently subdivided into three groups: the Bahamas; the Greater Antilles (Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico) and the Lesser Antilles (Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, Leeward Islands, and Windward Islands). The volcanic mountainous area is renowned for its excellent climate that is punctuated by the occasional hurricane. The area has a variety of geographical features that made it attractive to the inhabitants and the explorers of the New World. There were lush densely forested lands with plenteous rainfall, surrounded by large plains near the coasts and mountain slopes suitable for agriculture.

The islands of the Caribbean Sea had been inhabited by the Arawaks, Taino, Caribs and Ciboney for over several hundreds of years before Europeans travelled to the area. A period of genocide and violent conquests followed. The indigenous populations were physically dislocated and simultaneously damaged by epidemics; they were destroyed to the point of extinction within a century of the European explorers landing. Commencing with the mining of gold by the Spanish conquistadors in the 1600s the Caribbean landscape was exploited of its wealth for several centuries. Once all the precious metals had been extracted from the islands the invaders turned to the production of crops: tobacco, coffee, cocoa, indigo, cotton and sugar. The rich porous soil and temperate climate made the area appear suitable for large-scale crop cultivation.  

Sunday, 9 January 2011

The Caribbean Cultural and Biographical Directory

by Marjorie H Morgan © 2017

The history of Caribbean Britain cannot be considered separately from that of the rest of the world. The Caribbean people in Britain are closely bound to their ancestral homes in the Caribbean and Africa. Also the British and Caribbean links to other countries, through trade, politics, migration, war and cultural shifts of all kinds, has affected the collaborations, interests and struggles of the people portrayed in this blog. This is where we will analyse the migration history of black Caribbeans who have created their own unique mobile culture.

The Africans who were transported to the Caribbean by the British and then relocated to Britain are historically the most dislocated people of the Empire. They have been displaced and dislodged and travelled further within the Empire than any other group of peoples. 

This blog will documents the lives and achievements of people who migrated from the Caribbean, and people of Caribbean heritage who have lived and worked in Britain between 1960 and 2000. Existing within the heart of the old British Empire these people have been ‘40 years in the wilderness’ and they have their own stories to tell.

This is a Caribbean Cultural and Biographical Directory: an intersection of history and geography.

Each decade will be discussed in a series of separate entries that will be introduced with an outline of the relevant political and social conditions in Britain and the Caribbean of that period. Significant births, events, and deaths of each decade are noted with major event entries appearing in date order. This is followed by a more detailed summary of events in the six areas of Arts and Entertainment, Business, Media, Politics, Society, and Sport. The individual entries in the biographical section which follows can then be better understood when cross-referenced to these entries.

The biographical entries will be linked to the six areas noted above:  each entry in these sub-sections refers to an individual. The people referred to are descendants or migrants from the black Caribbean who have lived in Britain.

In the framework of this directory the term ‘black’ refers to any individual or group whose identity is defined by reference to visibility in relation to the effects of racial discrimination. This racial discrimination may be on the grounds of their colour, culture, nationality or religious practices. The term ‘black’ incorporates people and groups from evident minority communities, including those with African and / or Asian origins. 

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